A thought experiment on consequentialism

Thought experiment

The above-mentioned EPR philosophical starting assumptions were considered to be falsified by empirical fact e. Acknowledgements Some of the points in this piece were inspired by Lukas Gloor, Carl Shulman, and others.

After a few months, you would have accomplished much more than your burned-out self did. And the crucial reason is because of the good it does for us, the public, the whole of society. But then is it wrong for a paramedic to perform triage and devote his efforts to saving one moderately-wounded crash victim while another one, near death, is ignored.

There are practical reasons why such an action is shunned and would rightly be forbidden in most modern societies the detriment it would have on check-up attendance, if nothing elsebut within the stripped-down thought experiment, there are no such reasons; the operation should be performed, and utility-wise, rightly so.

The Consequences of Accepting Consequentialism Katy Baker on the demands of consequentialist theories of morality. For and Against, by J.

John Searle imagines a man in a locked room who receives written sentences in Chinese, and returns written sentences in Chinese, according to a sophisticated instruction manual. Individuals who breaks laws—which are generally formulated, at least in theory, to protect others—are arrested, tried, convicted, and often placed behind bars for a significant portion of their lives.

It is debatable whether the nomological impossibility of a thought experiment renders intuitions about it moot. Much later, Ernst Mach used the term Gedankenexperiment in a different way, to denote exclusively the imaginary conduct of a real experiment that would be subsequently performed as a real physical experiment by his students.

Utilitarianism and the Transplant Surgeon Objection

In philosophy, they have been used at least since classical antiquitysome pre-dating Socrates. Mach asked his students to provide him with explanations whenever the results from their subsequent, real, physical experiment differed from those of their prior, imaginary experiment.

I offer this example to show that there is no importance to the interests of the affected party. For example, is it acceptable to bomb a city to end a war quickly where thousands may dieknowing that many innocent civilians will also die.

Surely then the outcome should be clear. The death of any one of them would be tragedy impacting hundreds, thousands, or even millions of people.

Or maybe you should spend every waking hour of your life campaigning ceaselessly against cruelty to animals. The response to the imagined scenario is supposed to tell us about the nature of that notion in any scenario, real or imagined. You find yourself walking along a trolley track again, and again you notice the trolley is out of control.

This is supposed to show that physicalism is false. Individuals must take other's word regarding how much happiness they each possess, and the happiness they should therefore be able to lay claim. However, people had no way of categorizing it or speaking about it.

Sam has plenty of time to visit his aunt because he has no close friends, no pets, and no houseplants. Scientists also use thought experiments when particular physical experiments are impossible to conduct Carl Gustav Hempel labeled these sorts of experiment "theoretical experiments-in-imagination"such as Einstein's thought experiment of chasing a light beam, leading to special relativity.

Otherwise the agent would be using a bad means to a good end, which is never allowed. It cannot, at least not in this situation. An individual or specific group would claim their entitlement to more "happy units" than they claim others deserve, and the others would consequently be left to receive fewer "happy units".

In this paper, starting from certain philosophical assumptions, [15] on the basis of a rigorous analysis of a certain, complicated, but in the meantime assertedly realizable model, he came to the conclusion that quantum mechanics should be described as "incomplete".

It is not unreasonable to say that in this example you should pause your duck feeding and jump in to save the child.

Taking an impersonal standpoint leads to alienation; this is the state of someone who has become separated from their commitments to themselves and others. If imagined excessive duties prevent you from accepting utilitarianism, those excessive duties were not a utilitarian recommendation to begin with.

What matters is not so much the horrific act in itself but the outcome of that act. In one use of scenarios, philosophers might imagine persons in a particular situation maybe ourselvesand ask what they would do. In this piece I will examine the scenario and explain how it dovetails perfectly with standard utilitarian precepts, and how its objections are largely irrelevant.

The consequence of consequentialism is that by taking an impersonal standpoint we alienate ourselves and whilst the consequentialist can argue that this should be a virtue, the expected result of unhappiness shows its inadequacy for this is a high price to pay for a view that values happiness.

These thought experiments have been used to stimulate discussion about the difference between killing versus letting die, and have even appeared, in one form or another, in popular culture, such as the film Eye In The Sky.

The diplomat needs a lung. Rather, utilitarianism should be regarded more like a point counter in a video game, where you aim to accumulate as many points as you can within the bounds of reason. There’s no binary “right” and “wrong”.

You just do the best you can. Relatedly, the idea of. Start studying PHI Fundamentals of Ethics Practice Quiz. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

.What is the "experience machine" thought experiment supposed to show? a. The dangers of technology to our well-being.

What is the primary motivation for rule consequentialism?

Utilitarianism: The issue of motives

a. It is thought to. Consequentialism the value of an action (the action's moral worth, its rightness or wrongness) derives entirely from its consequences to evaluate an action, look at its consequences; if they are "good" (or the best Famous Thought Experiment: LIFE BOAT: has 4 spots, who do you pick?.

Some Philosophical Thought Experiments In order to demonstrate that someone can maximize happiness without doing something that’s morally good, philosophers typically tell stories in which someone does exactly that.

Bernard Williams Analysis Of A Thought Experiment Philosophy Essay. Print Reference Thought experiments are a good way to provide us with a way of producing knowledge by stepping out of the domain of the real and day to day affairs.

Consequentialism will not recognize the difference between George not taking the job offer and. Jun 28,  · Utilitarianism: The issue of motives. Utilitarianism is a well worn field, and it can be very difficult to find well-rounded responses and arguments. This argument often draws attention to the following thought experiment.

The argument states that, based on Mill’s form of consequentialism, you have done the wrong thing.

A thought experiment on consequentialism
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Thought experiment - Wikipedia